In short, we will focus on life now we don’t need to just survive. Resources, energy and knowledge will be focused on. To drive growth we will need new religions to organise with as liberalism starts to break down. Yuval suggests:
The belief here is that Homo Deus will be a direct evolution of Homo Sapien. Humans will be upgraded.
To do this upgrading a huge amount of knowledge is needed — about the body but also the mind.
Every focus would be in converting and then expanding the human to experience, but much like the agricultural revolution bred characteristics into animals that changed them, we may do the same to ourselves — to make us fit better into the new world.
The problem with Techno-humanism is the human side. Though humans have been the driving force of all growth and advancement, humans and more generally biology is not perfect.
Techno-humanism holds humans at the centre of the universe.
“Dataism declares that the universe consists of data flows”
Dataism is a term that has been used to describe the mindset or philosophy created by the emerging significance of Big…
It is the view that everything is an algorithm in one way or another simply moving data. The goal is to contribute to moving, processing and creating more data. All plants, animals and societies do this.
If you can process more data you tend to succeed and hence that is the goal — be it an animal in survival, a business vs another or a country vs another.
Capitalism was more effective than Communism as distributed processing excelled data processing of individuals which in turn created more data.
“Capitalism won the Cold War because distributed processing works better than centralised data processing, at least in periods of accelerating technological change.”
In turn, “the stock exchange is the fastest and most efficient data-processing system humankind has so far created” Yuval explains. Everything is so interconnected and so much data is processed to determine the value of the stock exchange. Any change in life on earth is recorded and shown in the stock exchange as it is a distributed processing center for everything.
Democracys seem to outperform dictatorships at processing data but the governments themselves no longer lead the country — they are more adminstritive in function — ensuring harmony more than leading to betterment.
- increasing the number of processors — increasing decision making capable processors
- increasing the variety of processors — so that data can be processed in different ways
- increasing the interconnectivity of processors — having more links so more sharing
- increasing the ease of data movement — as well as the connectivity
Dataism doesn’t like:
- taxes — as they remove distributed processing (reducing the processing ability of free trade) as it goes to the state to decide on what to do.
- communism — because processing happens in one place only
- not sharing — if you aren’t sharing you aren’t helping
Dataism may not like:
- Democracy — if it isn’t as fast as the next method at processing data
- Death — as that stops data flow and processing so that should stop
- Humans in the future — it may be that an omnipotent machine or collection of machines are far better data processors and hence why would you require Homo Sapiens — humans aren’t the valuable part..
Dataism is here today
Already people cheer for dataism. The view that all information should be freely shared is something Dataism clearly wants too. It will no doubt improve life as we know it.
Already many would agree with wanting more freedom of information. Similarly, many would happily share data and privacy freely if it slightly improved their life. Wikipedia is powered from people sharing and working together.
Already no-one can fully understand the huge systems we work with already — they are just huge algorithms that we know and trust. The invisible hands of the markets fully are in control. If they weren’t betting on the stock market would produce consistent huge winners.
And that is it.
With barely a conclusion, Yuval leaves us with two future philosophies one that may need some humans, and one that doesn’t.
In the short term, humans will be in demand.
The goals of the future, though, are either aimed at immortality, happiness and divinity, or those goals will be completed through increasing data processing abilities — note the goals don’t require humans.
Read my conclusion here (where you can find a link to the entire series):